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八年级英语下册Module 3 Unit 1学案分析(外研版)

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八年级英语下册Module 3 Unit 1学案分析(外研版)

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On today’s news, Tony has heard that scientists have (1) ____ a spaceship to Mars and it has (2) _______ on the (3) _____ after a journey of several months from the earth. Scientists have not (4) _________ life on Mars (5) ___ . And no astronaut has ever been to Mars because it is very far away. 4. Complete the passage with the correct       form of the words in the box. arrive    discover    planet    send     yet sent arrived planet discovered yet 1. I’ve just made a model spaceship for our       school project. 2. I haven’t started yet because I’m not sure      how to make it. 3. Has it arrived yet? 4. Astronauts have already been to the moon. 5. Listen and underline the words the      speaker stresses. Now listen again and repeat.  We have… We haven’t… sent a unmanned spacecraft to Mars. discovered life on Mars. worked on the space station. sent an astronaut to Mars. sent astronauts to the moon. 6. Make lists of what we have and have       not done in space travel. — Have we sent a spaceship to Mars? — Yes, we have. But... 7. Work in pairs. Talk about space travel       with the lists in Activity 6. 1. What are you up to?     你在干什么呢? be up to用于表示“正在做某事,忙于某事”。 相当于问 What are you doing? 例如: What is he up to with all those books on the  floor?    这么多书放在地上,他在干什么呢? — What are you up to?        你在忙什么? — I’m busy with my homework.       我忙着写家庭作业。 当我们说be up to sb.时,表示“由……决定”。 例如:  Do you want to stay or go? It’s up to you.   你是要留下还是要走呢?你自己定。  It’s up to you to decide when you should do    it. 你自己决定你该什么时候做此事。 2. I’ve just made a model spaceship for our       school project. 我刚刚做完了我们学校项    目要求的宇宙飞船模型。 just  adv. 刚刚,刚才。常用在现在完成时的肯定句中,常放在助动词 have/has 的后面。  I have just seen John.    我刚才见到约翰了。  We’ve just seen/watched the film.   我们刚看了这部电影。 3. I haven’t started yet because I’m not      sure how to make it.     我还没开始呢,真不知道怎么做。 yet 表示“还(末)”,常用在现在完成时的否定句或疑问句中,通常放在句末。  We haven’t finished our homework yet.   我们还没把作业写完。  Have you received her letter yet?   你收到她的信了吗? be sure后可以接从句,也可以接不定式。 例如:  He’s not sure whether they have met     before.   他不太确定他们之前是不是见过面。  She is sure to win the game.   她确信能赢得比赛。 4. Have you heard the latest news?     你听说最新的消息了吗?     latest adj. (late的最高级)  最近的,最新的  Have you seen her latest movie?   你看过最新上映的电影了吗?  The radio is broadcasting the latest news     about the man-made satellite.     电台正在播送有关人造卫星的最新消息。   5. The journey has taken several months.     它已经在太空中行驶了好几个月了。 several adj. 几个的,数个的(三个以上) 例如:   Several letters arrived this morning.   今天上午来了几封信。  Several of you need to work harder.   你们有几个人还需要努力。 6. That's why it’s on the news.     这就是它(宇宙飞船)上新闻的原因。 that is why...表示“这就是 的原因”。 例如:  That is why he is late.   这就是他迟到的原因。  Everyone in Dublin is friendly, and that is    why I love the city.   在都柏林人人都很友好,这就是我喜欢这   座城市的原因。 7. Astronauts have already been to the moon.      宇航员已经到过月球了。     already adv.表示“已经,早已”(尤与动词完成时态连用) 常放在 have/ has 之后,通常用于肯定句中。例如:  I’ve already seen that film, so I’d rather see      another one.   我已经看过那部电影了,所以还是看部别   的吧。 8. …because Mars is very far away…     因为火星离我们很远……     far away 遥远,远离 例如:  He lives far away from us.   他住的地方离我们很远。  The day is far away.   为期甚远。 1. Where is my pen? I _________ it here but now I can't find it. A.put                  B.have just put      C.was putting     D.has just put                                             2. —Hasn't Betty come yet?  —No, and I ____ for her for nearly 2 hours.  A. wait                     B. waited            C. have waited        D. had waited                                                B   C  3. My e-mail ______to you last night. Have     you received it____?    A. sent; yet       B. is sent; already     C. was sent; yet                                               4. — Where is my little dog?      — It ____ the back of the house.      A. has gone to  B. had gone to      C. has been to  D. had been to                                                   C   A  5. -- Have you ever been to Shanghai Mary?      -- Yes. I _______ there for three days            with my parents last month.       A. have gone           B. have been       C. went                    D. was                                            6. -- Are you going to the party?      -- No, because I ______.     A. have asked           B. haven’t asked     C. have been asked  D. haven’t been asked                                             B   D  1. 我们已经到达上海。     We __________________ Shanghai. 2. 他刚刚做完这个模型。      He ____________ this model. 3. 你曾经去过杭州吗? 是的。      _____ you ___________ Hangzhou?     Yes, I _____. 4. 他们听说过这个最近的新闻吗?    Have they ___________________?  have already reached  has just made  Have         ever been to  heard this latest news  have 根据汉语提示完成句子。 5. 他母亲去了北京出差。     His mother __________ Beijing      ___________. 6. 宇航员还没在火星上发现生命。     Astronauts _____________________      on Mars ___. 7. 这个女孩在干什么?     What __ this girl _____? 8. 我花了两天时间到达这里。     It has _____ me ________________ there.  has gone to haven’t discovered life   is                up to  taken         two days to get  yet  on business 9. 许多宇航员在太空工作。      Many astronauts have       ___________________. 10. 你可以把你的相片展示给朋友看吗?       Can you _____ your photos ___       friends? 11. 他知道很多关于太空的知识。        He knows ________________. 12. 明天她将把它带回来。       She _______________ tomorrow.   worked on the space  show                       to   a lot about space  will bring it back  Homework Surf the Internet and find more information about the human exploration of space.  3 Unit 1   Has it arrived yet? 1. Teaching aims: To be able to understand conversations about space travel and identify specific information To talk about recent events in space travel  with the present perfect and already, just and yet Teaching aims 2. Main contents: Key vocabulary    earth, moon, news, planet, reach, yet,      project, no problem, latest, on, space     travel, none Key structures    I’ve just made a model spaceship for our    school project.   Has it arrived yet?   Astronauts have already been to the    moon. /ɜ:θ / /mu:n/ /nju:z / /'plænIt/ / ri:tʃ/ /jet/ 地球  n. 月亮;月球 n . 新闻;消息 n. 行星 n. 到达;抵达 v. 还; 尚(用于表示某事在某一时间尚未发生,但未来也许会发生) adv. earth moon news planet reach yet Words and expressions /dʒʌst / /'mɒdl/ /'speIsʃIp / /'prɒdʒekt/ 刚才;刚刚  adv. just 模型 n. model 航天器; 宇宙飞船 n. project 计划;工程;项目 n. 没问题(用于表示乐于做某人要求做的事)  spaceship no problem Words and expressions /'leItIst / /'ɒn/ /'speIsʃIp / /dI'skʌvə/ /'æstrənɔ:t/ 最近的;最新的  adj. latest 在(播放)中;关于…… prep. on 航天器; 宇宙飞船 n. discover 发现;找到 v. 宇航员 n.  spaceship astronaut Words and expressions 航天旅行 space travel the solar system Mercury水星 Venus金星 Mars火星 Uranus天王星 Neptune海王星 Earth地球 Jupiter 木星 Saturn土星 Mars, the Red Planet (It looks red.) the surface of Mars The surface of Mars is a little like the surface of Earth. 1969年 水手6号   Mars probe 火星探测器 1969年 水手7号   Mars Exploration 1971年  火星2号  1971年  火星3号  1996年火星拓荒者   2001年 火星奥德赛号 1996年火星全球探勘者 2003年 火星探测漫游者 2005年火星勘测轨道飞行器  2007年 凤凰号火星探测器 2011年中国萤火一号   萤火一号模型  萤火一号   萤火一号运行图 2011年11月8日,“萤火1号”与俄罗斯的采样返回探测器一起发射升空,开始对火星的探测研究。11月9日,俄方宣布福布斯-土壤号火星探测器变轨失败。 2012年美国“好奇号” 印度2013年11月5日发射首个火星探测器 ------“曼加里安”号(Mangalyaan)。 火星探测大事记 1962年11月1日:前苏联发射了“火星1号”探测器,虽然它在飞离地球一亿公里时与地面失去联系,下落不明,但这次发射被视为人类探测火星的开端。 1964年11月28日:美国“水手4号”开始8个月的火星之旅,成为有史以来第一枚成功到达火星并发回数据的探测器。 1971年5月31日:美国“水手9号”升空,成为第一个火星轨道飞行器。它首次拍摄到火星全貌。 1996年12月4日:美国发射“火星探路者”,携带“旅居者”号火星车登陆火星。科学家根据发回的图片信息判定,火星曾经温暖和潮湿。    1998年7月3日:日本发射“希望”号探测器,但最终未能成功进入火星轨道。    2001年4月7日:美国发射“奥德赛”火星探测器,标志着美国火星探测计划重新启动。2002年,“奥德赛”发现火星表面和近地表层中可能有丰富的冰冻水,但这一问题目前存在争议。    2003年6月10日:携带“勇气”号火星车的美国“火星探测流浪者”号探测器发射升空,2004年1月3日在火星表面成功着陆。    2007年2月25日:欧洲航天局的“罗塞塔”彗星探测器靠近火星飞行,顺利完成利用火星引力调整飞行速度和轨道的任务。    2007年8月4日:美国发射“凤凰号”探测器,它在火星北极区域登陆后收集了冰样,而且还发现火星表面土壤的化学成分与海水非常类似。11月10日后“凤凰号”与地面失去联系。    2011年11月8日: 中国“萤火1号”探测器与俄罗斯探测器搭载俄罗斯火箭一起发射升空。11月9日,俄方宣布火箭变轨失败,没能飞出地球轨道。    2011年11月26日: 美国宇航局成功发射了“好奇”号火星车。2012年8月6日成功在火星表面完成软着陆。    2013年11月5日: 印度发射本国首个火星探测器—“曼加里安”号。  Listen and number the words as      you hear them. earth □             land □            message □  moon □             news □           planet □  reach □             scientist □  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2. Listen again and complete the notes. news about the trip to    (1) _________ journey of (2) ______    months has not sent back any    (3) ________ yet hope to find (4) _______    on Mars Mars eight messages life Lingling: I'm really interested in the space                    trip from the earth to Mars. It's so                     exciting! Has the spaceship landed                    yet?       Tony: I don't know. Let's listen to the                    news on the radio and find out.       News: We've just had some news about                    the trip to Mars. The spaceship has   Tapescript reached Mars after a journey of eight  months. It hasn't sent back any messages yet, but scientists are waiting. As we know, there isn't any life on the moon, but scientists hope to find life on Mars and other planets. Everyday English • What are you up to? …  • Sure, no problem.. 备注:视频见 Module 3               Unit 1 Activity 3 3. Listen and read. Daming: Hi, Tony. What are you up to?      Tony: Hi, Daming. I’ve just made a model                   spaceship for our school project. Daming: I haven’t started yet because I’m                  not sure how to make it. Can you                  help me?      Tony: Sure, no problem. Have you heard                  the latest news? Scientists have sent                  a spaceship to Mars. The journey                  has taken several months. Daming: Has it arrived yet?      Tony: Yes, it has arrived already. That’s                   why it’s on the news. Daming: So have they discovered life on                  Mars?      Tony: No, they haven’t yet. Daming: Are there any astronauts in the                    spaceship?      Tony: No, there aren’t. Daming: Why not? Astronauts have already                   been to the moon.       Tony: Yes, but no one has been to Mars                    yet, because Mars is very far                    away, much farther than the                    moon. Lots of scientists are                    working hard in order to send                    astronauts to Mars one day.  Daming: That’s interesting! How can I get                     information on space travel?        Tony: You can go online to search for                     information.  Daming: I will. Thank you, Tony! What school project have Daming and Tony got?    They have got a project on spaceship. 2. How does Daming feel about the school project?    He isn’t sure how to make the model. 3. What news has Tony heard?     The spaceship to Mars has reached there. 4. Has anyone been to Mars? Why?      No one has been to Mars yet, because Mars   is very far away, much farther than the moon. Now answer the questions.

文 章来源 莲
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5Y k J. c oM
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