Presenter: What about you, Diana? Have you been to the US or China? Diana: I've never been to the US, but I've been to China many times. I've travelled all over South China by train. It was fantastic! I'd like to go there again, and look around the country some more. Presenter: And you, Bob? Where have you been? Bob: Well, I live in France. I've been all over Europe, but I've never been to Africa or Asia. I've never been to the US either. 8. Complete the passage with the sentences in the box. There is one extra sentence. a) Call today to find out more! b) Then we will send a gift box from you to your family or friend. c) A tree is also something special for a festival or a new baby. d) Have you ever been to a forest? e) Grow a tree near you! (1) ______ Have you ever wanted to save the trees in the forest? Do you love nature and want to keep forests safe? Now you can! Buy a tree — it is the perfect birthday or wedding present for someone in your family or for a friend. (2) ______Your tree will help our world and will last longer than toys, clothes or computers. The world needs more trees — buy one today, watch it grow bigger and feel proud! Grow a Forest! d c The Grow-a-Forest gift is part of an exciting plan to make our world greener, and every gift helps to protect our world. It is easy! Buy a Grow-a-Forest gift today and choose your forest and your tree. We will take it and put it in the earth for you. (3) _____ b In your gift box there will be: a map of the forest a photo of your tree a pair of Grow-a-Forest gloves a card with your message to your family or friend (4)_______ e The world witnessed one of the greatest climbing achievements in 1953, when Tenzing Norgay from Nepal and Edmund Hillary from New Zealand climbed Mount Qomolangma for the first time. After a long and difficult climb, troubled by heavy snow, freezing wind and the On the top of the world lack of oxygen, they finally reached the top at 11:30 am on 29th May. They could only spend about fifteen minutes on the summit before they had to come down. But they remained heroes around the world for the rest of their lives. Transport: _____________________________ Food:___________________________________ 9. Write a question about life experiences for each of the topics. Use Have you ever...? Have you ever travelled by plane? Writing a questionnaire about experiences Have you ever had a western meal? Book: ___________________________ Sport: _____________________________ _________________ Country: ______________________________ Film: ___________________________ 10. Work in groups. Choose the best question for each topic in Activity 9 and prepare a questionnaire. Have you ever read Frog? Have you ever entered a football competition? Have you ever been to Thailand? Have you ever seen the Titanic? 11. Go around the classroom and ask other students your questions. Write their answers in the questionnaire. Topics Questions Studen1 Studen2 … Transport Have you ever travelled by plane? Book Country Food Sport film 12. Return to your group and talk about other students’ answers to your questionnaire. He _________ taught here for 5 years. A. has B. have C. was 2. It sounds ________. Let’s do it. A. well B. good C. bad We have visited Qingdao _______. A. two months ago B. before C. now A B B 单项选择题。 4. Betty has ____ entered a competition, so she wants to do it. A. ever B. never C. just 5. Have you wanted to go to the USA? ______ A. Yes, I do. B. Yes, I have. C. No, I hasn’t. 6. The second ______ is two beautiful watches. A. price B. prize C. place 7. What’s the ______ of a train ticket to Shenzhen? A. price B. prize C. place B B B A 1. 她成为一名护士已经三年了。 She has been a nurse for three years. 2. 我五年前就认识李雷了。 I have known Li Lei since five years ago. 3. 那些相片我已经寄给他了。（post） I have already posted the photos to him. 4. 我来到这个学校后，他就一直教我。 He has taught me since I came to the school. 5. 我刚丢了我的历史书。 I have just lost my history book. 翻译汉语句子。 1. —How do you ___________pencil? — P-E-N-C-I-L. 2. It’s interesting to___________ a story. 3. Mike went to Shanghai __________. 用方框中所给单词或短语的适当形式填空。 make up count down dream by train improve spell ancient write about spell make up by train 4. Every year, lots of people visit this _______ palace. 5. This little boy can ___________ numbers from twenty to one. 6. They _____________their life these years. 7. He travelled around Mexico and __________ his experiences. ancient count down have improved wrote about Homework Review what you have learned in this module and master them by heart. 2 Unit 3 Language in use. To summarise and consolidate the use of the present perfect To be able to carry out a survey using the present perfect. Teaching aims Have you ever won any prizes before? I haven’t travelled much. They have been to many interesting places. 现在完成时（一） 构成 用法 常用状语 have + 动词过去分词 has +动词过去分词 1.表示曾经做过某事 或已经做过某事 2. 表示某人的经历 ever, already, yet 现在完成时 现在完成时的结构： has/have +动词过去分词 肯定句 I have worked. He/She has worked. They have worked. 否定句 I have not worked. He/She has not worked. They have not worked. 疑问句及回答: —Have you worked? —Yes, I have. —No, I have not/haven’t. —Have he/she worked? —Yes, he/she has. —No, he/she has not. —Have they worked? —Yes, they have. —No, they have not. 现在完成时态的句子转换 （1）肯定式：They have just finished their homework. 否定式：They haven’t finished their homework yet. 疑问式：Have they finished their homework yet? 简略答语：Yes, they have. / No, they haven’t. （2）肯定式：She has seen the movie already. 否定式：She hasn’t seen the movie yet. 疑问式：Has she seen the movie yet? 简略答语： Yes, she has. / No, she hasn’t. 大部分动词过去分词 的变化方式是规则的，但是有一部分动词的变化是不规则的，同学们需要记住它们的不规 则变化形式。例如： be — was / were — been find — found — found do — did - done have — had — had eat — ate — eaten make — made — made go — went — gone let — let — let see — saw— seen put — put — put 1．They have been to Mars. 否定句：____________________________ 一般疑问句：_________________________ 肯定回答：_________________ 否定回答：_____________________ 特殊疑问句的否定式(Why)：_____________________________________ 句型转换。 They haven’t been to Mars. Have they been to Mars? Yes, they have. No, they haven’t. Why haven’t they been to Mars? 2．The spacecraft has reached Mars. 否定句：____________________________________ 一般疑问句：_________________________________ 肯定回答：__________________________________ 否定回答：__________________________________ 特殊疑问句(Why)：__________________________ ____________________ The spacecraft hasn’t reached Mars. Has the spacecraft reached Mars? Yes, it has. No, it hasn’t. Why has the spacecraft reached Mars? 3．We have started to look at other planets. 否定句：________________________________ _______________ 一般疑问句：___________________________ _______________ 肯定回答：_________________ 否定回答：_________________ 特殊疑问句(Why) _________________________ ______________________ We haven’t started to look at other planets. Have you started to look at other planets? Yes, we have. No, we haven’t. Why have you started to look at other planets? 4．I’ve saw a great TV programme about space. 否定句：________________________________ ———————————————— 一般疑问句：_____________________________ ————————————— 肯定回答：___________________ 否定回答：___________________ 特殊疑问句(Why)：_____________________________ _____________________________ I haven’t saw a great TV programme about space. Have you saw a great TV programme about space? Yes, I have. No , I haven’t. Why have you saw a great TV programme about space? 5．They have visited us on Earth. 否定句：____________________________________ 一般疑问句：_______________________________ 肯定回答：_________________________________ 否定回答：___________________________________ 特殊疑问句的否定式(Why)：_________________ __________________ They haven’t visited us on Earth. Have they visited us on Earth? Yes, they have. No, they haven’t. Why haven’t they visited us on Earth? 1. have a Western meal 2. live in another city 3. enter a singing competition 4. travel by train 5. travel to the seaside 6. try seafood 7. cook dinner for your parents Write questions for the questionnaire with Have you ever...? Activities You Your partner 1 Have you ever had a Western meal? 2 3 4 5 6 7 Now complete the You column. 1. had a Western meal? 2. lived in another city? 3. entered a singing competition? 4. travelled by train? 5. travelled to the seaside? 6. tried seafood? 7. cooked dinner for your parents? Have you ever……. Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t. —Have you ever had a Western meal? —Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t. 2. Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions in the questionnaire in Activity 1. Then complete the Your partner column. He/She ______________________ a Western meal. 2. He/She _______________________ in another city. 3. He/She ____________________________ a singing competition. 3. Complete the sentences about your partner and read them to the rest of the class. has had/has not ever had has lived/has not ever lived has entered/has not ever entered 4. He/She _____________________________ by train. 5. He/She _____________________________ to the seaside. 6. He/She ________________________ seafood. 7. He/She _____________________________ ______________ for his/her parents. has travelled/has not ever travelled has travelled/has not ever travelled has tried/has not ever tried has cooked dinner/has not ever cooked dinner 4. Complete the postcard. Use the list of Things to do in Beijing to help you. Dear David, I am having a wonderful time in China. I’ve done so many things! I’ve_______________________________________________________________________________ There’s only one thing I haven’t done : I ___________________ Bye for now, Rob Things to do in Beijing see the Beijing Opera √ climb the Great Wall × eat Beijing duck √ visit the Palace Museum √ Possible answer Dear David, I'm having a wonderful time in Beijing. I've done so many things. I've seen the Beijing Opera. I've eaten Beijing duck. I've visited the Palace Museum. There's only one thing I haven't done: I haven't climbed the Great Wall. Bye for now, Rob I wrote a story for a(n) _____________ in my English class and I won a prize. 2. Alice can ______________ very well, and what’s more, she can write beautifully. 5 Complete the sentences with the words in the box. You can use some of the words more than once. afford competition pronounce spell tower competition spell/pronounce 3. Some English words are difficult to ________________. 4. We visited an ancient palace with a tall ________ and a beautiful garden. 5. Mary wants to visit the US, but the plane tickets are very expensive and she cannot ______ to go. pronounce/spell tower afford 6. Listen and check (√) the country that the people have been to. People China the US Winnie Diana Bob √ √ √ How many times has Winnie been to the US? She has been to the US three times. 2. Which country would Diana like to go again? She would like to go to China again. 7. Listen again and answer the questions. 3. Which part of China has Diana travelled around? 4. How did Diana travel there? 5. Has Bob ever visited Germany? She has travelled around South China. She travelled there by train. Yes, he has. He’s been all over Europe. Tapescript Presenter: Today we're talking to Winnie, Diana and Bob about their travel experiences. Welcome, everyone! Winnie, you've travelled a lot, haven't you? Winnie: Yes. I've been all over China. I've also been to the US. In fact, I've flown to the US three times!