unit 4 I used to be afraid of the dark.
used to do sth 过去常常做某事，暗示现在已经不做
I used to play basketball after school. （暗示现在已经不打了）
否定句： I didn’t use to play basketball after school. / I usedn’t to play basketball after school.
一般疑问：Did you use to play basketball after school? Yes , I did. No , I didn’t.
Used you to play basketball after school？ Yes, I used to. No, I usedn’t.
be used to doing sth习惯做某事 be used to do sth= be used for doing sth被用来做某事
What does he like? 他喜欢什么？ What be sb like? 询问人的品德、相貌，更侧重个性特征
What does sb look like? 他长什么样子？
keep silent= keep quiet 保持安静 from time to time时常，偶尔= sometimes= at times
on a swim team 在游泳队，是游泳队的成员 such a great idea= so great a idea
get good scores on the exams 在考试中得到好分数 see sb doing sth看见某人正做某事
turn red 变红（表示颜色的变化用turn: The leaves turn green in spring.）
interview: 动词interview sb 采访某人（interviewer 名词，采访者interviewee被采访者）
名词， 采访，面试 I have an interview tomorrow morning.
a 19- year- old Asian pop star （加了连字符，名词用单数，注意当数字为8,11,18，80，用an ）
take up: 学着做，开始从事
take up doing sth 开始从事做某事 He took up painting when he was a child.
占据，占用（时间空间） The table takes up too much room.
deal with :应付，处理= do with , 区别是 deal with 与how 搭配， do with 与what搭配
dare:敢于，胆敢，实义动词，dare to do sth 如： He dared to ride a bike at the age of 4.
情态动词，常用于否定、疑问句 How dare you speak to me like this？
He daren’t tell me the truth.
not …anymore= no more 不再(次数不再增加)
I will not copy homework anymore.= I will no more copy homework.
not …any longer= no more 不再（时间不再延长）
You are not a child any longer.= You are no longer a child.
be famous for 因…而著名 be famous as作为…而著名
all the time 一直，始终 get tons of attention得到大量的关注 worry about= be worried about 为…而担心 private time 私人时间 hang out with friends 和朋友闲逛
the road to success成功之路 give up doing sth 放弃做某事 fight on 继续奋斗
tons of 许多的，大量的，既可以接可数名词复数，也可接不可数名词，是夸张的表达
too much 修饰不可数名词， much too 修饰形容词， too many修饰可数名词复数
be prepared to do sth被准备好做某事，愿意做某事
require sb to do sth要求某人去做某事 The boss required his workers to work nice hours a day.
require doing sth 需要被做= require to be done
My car requires washing.= My car requires to be washed.
a number of = many 许多 ，number前可用big, great, large, small修饰，后面用名词复数，谓语也用复数
the number of …的数字 ，后面的名词用复数，谓语用三单形式，主语是number
The number of students is 300 in our school. A number of them are boys.
read books on European history 读有关欧洲历史的书
read books on African culture读有关非洲文化的书
British English 英式英语 American English 美式英语
give a speech in public在公共场所作演讲 be nervous about+名词/代词/ doing 对…感到紧张
an ant一只蚂蚁 wear glasses戴眼镜 do well in = be good at
have difficulty / trouble/ problems in doing sth在做某事上有困难/麻烦/问题
cause problems惹麻烦 take care of = look after照顾，照料
happy---- unhappy 形容词
influence :动词，影响 influence sb 如：His novels influenced the lives of young people.
名词，影响 have an influence on sb 对…产生影响
Family education has an important influence on children.
absent :形容词，缺席的，不在的，常与介词from连用， be absent from
My brother was absent from the meeting yesterday.
名词是absence The teacher was angry at his absence.
形容词，现在的 at present = now现在
become less interested in 变得不那么感兴趣 be absent from classes逃课
fail the examinations考试不及格
fail :动词，失败 （反义词succeed） failure 名词（反义词success）
未能做某事 fail to do sth未能做某事 I failed to pass the driving test.他未能通过驾照考试。
不及格 （反义词pass）He failed the exam.
make the decision to do sth= decide to do sth决定做某事 in person亲身，亲自
take a 24-hour train坐24小时的火车 even though即使，尽管be there for sb陪在某人身边
take an active part in积极参加 take pride in = be proud of为…感到自豪，骄傲
advise sb to do sth建议某人去做某事 advise doing sth = suggest doing sth建议做某事
advise sb not to do sth = advise sb against doing sth
find sth +adj发现某事是…的 I find English difficult. 我发现英语很难。
have much more communication with sb和某人有更多的交流
in the last few years= in the past few years 在过去的几年里，常用语现在完成时
the biggest change in my life我生活中最大的变化 a general self-introduction总的自我介绍
be required to do sth被要求做某事
文 章来源 莲