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5Y k J. c oM 专题十一 动词的时态
1. (2017北京)—How do you usually go to school?
—I ________ to school on foot.
A. go           B. went           C. was going         D. will go
2. (2017重庆A卷)In the past few years, many schools ________ the ways of doing morning exercises.
A. change       B. changes        C. will change        D. have changed
3. (2017泰州)—Did you hear the strange noise next door around 10 o'clock last night?
—No, I ________ my favorite TV programme in my bedroom.
A. watch       B. watched         C. was watching      D. am watching
4. (2017重庆B卷)—Where is your uncle? I haven't seen him for a long time.
—He ________ Beijing for about half a year. He moved there in January.
A. has gone to                                        B. has been to
C. has arrived in                                      D. has been in
5. (2017重庆B卷)John and I ________ to visit his grandparents last Sunday afternoon.
A. go        B. went             C. will go           D. have gone
6. (2017安徽)I am surprised at the new look of my hometown, for it ________ a lot over the years.
A. changed  B. changes          C. will change         D. has changed
7. (2017江西)I've just returned from my trip to London. I ________ many interesting places there.
A. visit     B. will visit        C. am visiting           D. visited
8. (2017南京)—When did the classroom have a power cut?
—This morning, while we________ a physics lesson.
A. have had                                      B. were having
C. are having                                     D. will have
9. (2017武汉)I ________ football quite well, but I haven't had time to play since the new year.
A. will play                                     B. have played
C. played                                       D. play
10. (2017内江)The family ________ there since they moved to China in the 2000s.
A. lived          B. will live          C. live       D. have lived
11. (2017襄阳)—Over 100 countries and organizations ________ warm support to the Belt and Road initiative (倡议) since 2013.
—Wonderful! Our circle of friends is growing bigger!
A. give         B. have given         C. gave       D. will give
12. (2017十堰)—I saw Mr. Smith in the office at ten yesterday morning.
—That’s impossible. He ________ an English party with us then.
A. has         B. had               C. was having   D. has had
13. (2017温州)Simon looks worried because he ______ a writing competition and now he's waiting for the result.
A. enters      B. entered             C. will enter   D. is entering
14. (2017泰安)With the development of modern science and technology, robot cooks ________ in our families in the future.
A. appear    B. appeared             C. will appear   D. is appearing
15. (2017郴州改编)—Hurry up! Jack ________ for you to play basketball.
—OK. I’m coming.
A. waited    B. is waiting            C. was waiting   D. has waited
16. (2017昆明五华区一模)If we ________ to get good grades, we will have to work hard.
A. will want                                           B. want
C. wants                                              D. wanted
17. (2017曲靖一模)—Is Helen in the library?
—No, she ________ the teachers’ office. She ________ there ten minutes ago.
A. has gone to; went                                  B. has gone to; has been
C. has been to; went                                  D. has been to; has gone
18. (2017昆明官渡区二模)—Why didn’t you go to Jay Chou’s concert?
—I ________ for the exam at that time.
A. am studying                                     B. was studying
C. studied                                         D. have studied
19. (2018原创)I don't want to see the movie again. I ________ it twice.
A. have seen         B. saw          C. see           D. will see
20. (2018原创)High school entrance examination is coming. All the students ________ for it actively at the moment.
A. prepare          B. prepared      C. are preparing    D. will prepare
21. (2018原创)Dick ________ the dishes at home when the door bell rang.
A. was doing        B. did           C. had done       D. is doing
22. (2018原创)Our teacher told us that the earth ________ around the sun.
A. goes            B. went         C. was going         D. has gone
23. (2018原创)A strong wind suddenly ________ the poor area, and farmers there suffered heavy losses.
A. attacked       B. will attack      C. has attacked        D. attacks
24. (2018原创)Robots ________ more heavy work for us in the future. This is really a good thing.
 A. will do     B. did              C. have done          D. were doing
25. (2018原创)I heard that the book The Kite Runner is quite good, but it's a pity that I ________ it so far.
A. don’t read                                         B. doesn’t read   
C. didn’t read                                         D. haven’t read
26. (2018原创)—There is going to be an important meeting in Beijing next week.
—That's right. And Leo's boss ________ for Beijing to attend it.
A. left                                          B. was leaving 
C. is leaving                                      D. leaves
27. (2018原创)—I came to visit you yesterday afternoon, but you were not in.
—I ________ tea at Mrs. White's at that time.
A. was drinking                                      B. drank 
C. drink                                            D. will drink
28. (2018原创)We are going to have a party in the open air this Sunday unless it ________.
A. rains                                            B. is raining    
C. will rain                                         D. rained
29. (2018原创)I ________ this car three years ago, but it still works very well.
A. bought        B. buy            C. will buy      D. has bought
30. (2018原创)—Have you watched the new movie Dangal(《摔跤吧!爸爸》), Steven?
—Not yet. I ________ it with my cousin this evening.
A. watch                                          B. watched
C. will watch                                      D. have watched
31. (2018原创)—Miss Brown, we ________ cleaning the classroom. Can we go home now?
—Yes, of course.
A. finish                                 B. are finishing  
C. finished                             D. have finished
32. (2018原创)You know, this is the fifth time that I ________ your beautiful city. I really like it.
A. will visit                              B. have visited 
C. am visiting                                 D. was visiting
33. (2018原创)Hurry up! The sky is covered with black clouds. I'm afraid it________.
A. rains                                     B. is going to rain
C. rained                                    D. was raining
34. (2018原创)I'm sorry that you've missed the bus. It ________ 10 minutes ago.
A. left                                      B.  is leaving 
C. leaves                                   D.  will leave
35. (2018原创)Johnson often ________ others a hand, so almost everyone likes him.
A. gave                                     B. is giving   
C. gives                                     D. will give
36. (2018原创)Yesterday, I met my old friend Gina when I ________ in the supermarket. She has changed a lot and we talked for a while.
A. shop                                    B. was shopping
C. shopped                                 D. am shopping
37. (2018原创)He loves traveling and ________to many countries since 2007.
A. travels                                    B. traveled
C. will travel                                 D. has traveled
38. (2018原创)My friend Tom is very friendly. He often ________ me with my homework.
A. helps                                      B. helped   
C. has helped                                  D. will help
39. (2018原创)I think China ________ a much stronger and more beautiful country in 2050.
A. become                                      B. will become
C. becomes                                     D. became
40. (2018原创)—What did you do after school yesterday?
—I ________ tennis with Paul.
A. play                                        B. will play
C. played                                      D. am playing
41. (2018原创)—Hey, Jane! May I borrow your laptop, please? I left mine at home.
—Just a moment. I ________ an article.
A. write                                    B. wrote  
C. am writing                                D. have written
42. (2018原创)I don't know when he ________. As soon as I get his flight number, I will let you know.
A. will arrive           B. arrives        C. is arriving          D. arrived
43. (2018原创)Peter ________ a lot about Chinese culture since he came to China.
A. learns             B. learned         C. will learn        D. has learned
44. (2018原创)—Is the dictionary on the desk yours?
—No, it's my sister's. She ________ it there just now.
A. leaves            B. will leave       C. has left             D. left
45. (2018原创)—Do you remember the first time I met you?
—Of course. I ________ a book under a tree.
A. read            B. was reading        C. have read      D. will read
46. (2018原创)We ________ to the beach for a picnic if it's fine tomorrow.
A. go      B. will go   C. went      D. going
47. (2018原创)Someone ________ the box back to the corner. He must be very warm­hearted.
A. has moved    B. is moving  C. was moving    D. will move
48. (2018原创)—Here comes the bus! Where is Nancy?
—She can't go with us. She ________ some visitors around our school.
A. is showing    B. shows  C. has showed    D. was showing
49. (2018原创)—What language does your foreign teacher speak?
—He ________ English and German.
A. will speak       B. spoke        C. speaks             D. has spoken
50. (2018原创)—How about going for a walk?
—One moment, please! I ________ my homework soon.
A. finish         B. finished       C. have finished     D. will finish
51. (2018预测)—Can I speak to Mr. Brown?
—Hold on, please. He ________ in the kitchen and I'll call him right away.
A. cooked       B. is cooking       C. cooks        D. has cooked
52. (2018预测)—We ________ the Summer Palace next Saturday.
—Have a good trip.
A. visit       B.  visited       C. have visited      D.  will visit
53. (2018预测)—Although your grandfather is in his seventies, he is in good health.
—He ________ the good habit of taking exercise every day for 40 years.
A. will form       B. formed      C. forms        D. has formed
54. (2018预测)Turn down the TV, dear. Your brother ________ for his report in the room.
A. prepares      B. has prepared  C. prepared       D. is preparing
55. (2018预测)I won't go to America until my mother ________ back.
A. has come             B. came         C. comes           D. will come
56. (2018预测)—Haven't I told you that you should come to the meeting earlier?
—Sorry, I ________ my home earlier than I usually do, but the traffic was terrible.
A. leave               B. have left        C. left         D. will leave
57. (2018预测)People in ancient times built many excellent buildings. Some of them ________, while others still remain today.
A. disappears                                     B. will disappear
C. have disappeared                                D. are disappearing
58. (2018预测)—Tom, what do you usually do after dinner every day?
—I usually ________ a walk.
A. take              B. took          C. will take      D. was taking
59. (2018预测)—May I remind you that Mr. Wang is waiting outside?
—Oh, that’s right. I ________ it.
A. forget         B. forgot            C. had forgotten    D. will forget
60. (2018预测)Run for more than half an hour every day, and it ________ your body strong.
A. keep         B. will keep       C. keeps           D. have kept
1. A 【解析】考查一般现在时。句意为“你通常怎样去学校?”“我步行去学校”。usually意为“通常”,是一般现在时的标志词,因此本句应用一般现在时。故选A。
2. D 【解析】考查现在完成时。句意:在过去的几年里,许多学校改变了做早操的方式。根据时间状语In the past few years可知应用现在完成时,故选D。
3. C 【解析】考查过去进行时。句意为“昨晚十点左右,你听到隔壁奇怪的声音了吗?”“没有,我在卧室里看我最喜欢的电视节目。”分析语境可知过去某个时间点在做某事,要用过去进行时。故选C。
4. D 【解析】考查现在完成时的用法。句意为“你的叔叔(舅舅)在哪里?我已经很久没有见到他了。”“他已经去北京大约半年了。他是一月份搬去那的。”根据句中时间状语“for about half a year”,可知句中应使用延续性动词。has gone to“去了”;has been to“去过”;has arrived in“到达”,均为非延续性动词,故选D。
5. B 【解析】考查一般过去时。句意为:我和约翰上个星期天下午去看望了他的祖父母。根据句中的时间状语last Sunday afternoon可知需要用动词一般过去时态,故选B。
6. D 【解析】考查现在完成时。句意为:我对我家乡的新面貌感到惊讶,因为它这么多年已经改变了很多。根据句意及句中时间状语over the years可知这里指的是“过去的动作对现在的影响”,应用现在完成时。故选D。
7. D 【解析】考查一般过去时。句意为:我刚从伦敦旅行回来。“我”在那儿________ 许多有趣的地方。根据语境可知,我在那参观了很多有趣的地方,现在回来了,应该用一般过去时。故选D。
8. B 【解析】考查过去进行时。句意为“教室什么时候断电的?”“今天早上,我们正上物理课的时候。”根据语境可知在上物理课时断电了,即物理课正在进行的过程中,又根据问句中的did可知是发生在过去,故用过去进行时。故选B。
9. D 【解析】考查一般现在时。句意:我的足球踢得很好,但是自新年开始我还没有时间去踢足球。根据句意可知此处足球踢得好表达的是一种现有的能力,动词应用一般现在时,故选D。
10. D 【解析】考查现在完成时。句意:这个家庭自从21世纪搬到中国就住在那儿了。根据关键信息since引导的时间状语从句可知,主句应用现在完成时,故选D。
11. B 【解析】考查现在完成时。句意“自从2013年以来,超过一百个国家和组织对一带一路倡议________热情的支持。”“太好了!我们的朋友圈正在变得越来越大!”由句中的“since+时间点”可知此处应用现在完成时,故选B。
12. C 【解析】考查过去进行时。句意“我昨天早上十点在办公室见到了史密斯先生。”“不可能。他那个时候和我们在一起参加英语聚会。”根据时间状语then以及上句提到的昨天早上十点可知是在昨天早上十点时正和我们一起,应用过去进行时。故选C。
13. B 【解析】考查一般过去时。句意:西蒙看起来很担心因为他________一个写作竞赛,现在他正在等结果。根据选项可知此处考查时态,分析句子可知,西蒙参加写作比赛这件事情已经发生了,他现在在等结果,所以用一般过去时。故选B。
14. C 【解析】考查一般将来时。句意为:随着现代科技的发展,机器人厨师在未来________在家庭中。根据时间状语in the future 可知用一般将来时。故选C。
15. B 【解析】考查现在进行时。句意“快点!杰克在等你去打篮球。”“好的,我就来。”分析句意和“Hurry up!”可知,杰克正在等待对方去打篮球。再由答句的“I'm coming”可知应用现在进行时。故选B。
16. B 【解析】考查一般现在时。句意:如果我们想取得好成绩,我们将不得不努力学习。If意为“如果”,引导条件状语从句,时态遵循“主将从现”,即:主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时,可排除A、D项。结合主语we可排除C项。故选B。
17. A 【解析】考查动词的时态。句意“海伦在图书馆吗?”“不,她去老师办公室了。是十分钟前去那里的。”通过否定词No可知,海伦不在现场,可排除C、D项;从第二空后ten minutes ago十分钟前,可知第二空需用一般过去时,可排除B项。故选A。
18. B 【解析】考查过去进行时。句意“你为什么没有去周杰伦的演唱会?”“我那个时候为了考试在学习。”根据时间状语at that time 可知和过去的时态有关,且根据句意那个时候正为考试学习可知应用过去进行时,故选B。
19. A 【解析】考查现在完成时。句意:我不想再观看这部电影了。我已经看过两次了。由前半句“I don't want to see the movie again.”可知,不想看这部电影是因为已经看过两次了,空格后面的twice常与现在完成时连用,故本句应用现在完成时。故选A。
20. C 【解析】考查现在进行时。句意为:高中入学考试就要来临了。同学们此刻都在积极地为此作准备。由句末的时间状语“at the moment”可知本句应用现在进行时。故选C。
21. A 【解析】考查过去进行时。句意为:迪克正在家里洗盘子的时候,门铃响了。由句意可知在门铃响的那一刻,迪克正在家里洗盘子。该句表示在过去某一时刻正在发生的动作,应用过去进行时。故选A。
22. A 【解析】考查一般现在时。句意为:我们老师告诉我们地球围绕太阳转。在宾语从句中,如果从句描述的是客观事实或真理时,尽管主句时态为一般过去时,从句也要用一般现在时,故选A。
23. A 【解析】考查一般过去时。句意为:一场大风突然袭击了那个贫穷的地区,那儿的农民损失惨重。由后句句意可知,大风袭击这个贫困地区这一动作是在过去发生,应用一般过去时。故选A。
24. A 【解析】考查一般将来时。句意为:将来机器人会为我们做更多繁重的工作。这真是件好事情。根据句中的时间状语“in the future”可确定此题是一般将来时,故选A。
25. D 【解析】考查现在完成时。句意为:我听说《追风筝的人》这本书相当不错。但是遗憾的是,到目前我还没看过。so far常与现在完成时连用。故选D。
26. C 【解析】考查现在进行时。句意“下周将要在北京召开一次重要会议。”“是的。里奥的老板正要去北京参加这次会议。”根据句意可知会议还未召开,应选用一般将来时,句子中有动词leave, arrive, start等时可用现在进行时表示将来,故选C。
27. A 【解析】考查过去进行时。句意“昨天下午我来拜访你了,但是你不在。”“那时我正好在怀特女士家喝茶。”根据语境及时间状语“at that time”可知,用过去进行时。故选A。
28. A 【解析】考查一般现在时。句意为:这周日我们将会在户外办一个聚会,除非天下雨。连词unless意为“除非,如果不”,引导条件状语从句,当主句是一般将来时时,从句中应用一般现在时。故选A。
29. A 【解析】考查一般过去时。句意为:我三年前买了这辆汽车,但它现在仍然运行得很好。由句中的时间状语“three years ago”可知,买汽车这一动作发生在过去,所以应用一般过去时。故选A。
30. C 【解析】考查一般将来时。句意为“史蒂文,你看过新电影《摔跤吧!爸爸》吗?”“还没有。我今天晚上和我的堂兄去看它。”根据句意可知“我”今天晚上将和我的堂兄去看电影,应用一般将来时。故选C。
31. D 【解析】考查现在完成时。句意“布朗小姐,我们打扫完教室了。我们现在可以回家了吗?”“是的,当然可以。”由语境可知,我们已经打扫完了教室,应用现在完成时。故选D。
32. B 【解析】考查现在完成时。句意:你知道,这是我第五次________ 你的美丽的城市。我真的很喜欢它。在句型It/This is the +序数词+time +that从句中,前面为is(一般现在时),从句的时态则为现在完成时,故此处应用现在完成时。故选B。
33. B 【解析】考查一般将来时。句意:快点!天上乌云密布。我担心快要下雨了。根据句子语境可知天快要下雨了,但是目前还没下,应用一般将来时,故选B。
34. A 【解析】考查一般过去时。句意为:对不起,你错过了公交车。10分钟前它走了。根据句意及时间状语10 minutes ago,可知为一般过去时,故选A。
35. C 【解析】考查一般现在时。句意为:约翰逊经常帮助别人。因此几乎每个人都喜欢他。由空格前面的频度副词often可知,本句应用一般现在时。故选C。
36. B 【解析】考查过去进行时。句意为:昨天正在超市购物时遇见了我的老朋友吉娜。她变了好多而且我们聊了一会儿。分析句意知,昨天我遇见老朋友的时候,“购物”的动作正在发生,应用过去进行时。故选B。
37. D 【解析】考查现在完成时。句意为:他喜欢旅行,自从2007年以来,他________许多国家。结合时间状语since 2007,可知用现在完成时,故选D。
38. A 【解析】考查一般现在时。句意为:我的朋友汤姆非常友好。他经常帮助我的家庭作业。often为频度副词,表示“经常”,多用于一般现在时,是一般现在时的标志词;同时根据主语he可知谓语动词要用单三形式,因此为helps。故选A。
39. B 【解析】考查一般将来时。句意:我认为在2050年时,中国会成为一个更加强大、更加美丽的国家。由“in 2050”可知,本句谈论将来发生的事情,应使用一般将来时。故选B。
40. C 【解析】考查一般过去时。句意为:“你昨天放学后干什么了?”“我和保罗打网球了。”由问句中的“yesterday”以及“did”可知,问句问的是过去发生的事情,因此答语也应该用过去时态,选项中只有C选项为过去时态。故选C。
41. C 【解析】考查现在进行时。句意“嗨,简!请问我可以借一下你的手提电脑吗?我把我的忘在家里了。”“稍等。我正在写一篇文章。”根据句意可知,这里表示正在写文章,所以用现在进行时。故选C。
42. A 【解析】考查一般将来时。句意:我不知道他什么时候到。我一获悉他的航班号,就会通知你。由后句内容可知他还没来,即“到来”为将要发生的动作,应用一般将来时。故选A。
43. D 【解析】考查现在完成时。句意为:自从彼得来到中国,他已经了解了很多中国文化。结合时间状语since以及从句中的谓语动词为一般过去式,可知主句应用现在完成时态,故选D。
44. D 【解析】考查一般过去时。句意“书桌上的这本词典是你的吗?”“不,它是我姐姐/妹妹的。她刚才落在那儿的。”根据时间状语“just now”可知,用一般过去时。故选D。
45. B 【解析】考查过去进行时。句意“你记得我第一次见你的情景吗?”“当然了。我当时正在一棵树下读书。”联系上文问句可知,下文答语中描述的是过去某个时刻正在发生的动作,用过去进行时。故选B。
46. B 【解析】考查一般将来时。句意为:“如果明天天气好的话,我们就会去海滩野炊。”在if引导的时间状语从句中,主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时。故选B。
47. A 【解析】考查现在完成时。句意:有人已经把箱子移到后面的角落里了。他一定很热心肠。由句意可知,箱子已经在后面的角落里了,表示过去的动作对现在造成的影响,故用现在完成时,故选A。
48. A 【解析】考查现在进行时。句意“车来了!南希在哪儿?”“她不能和我们一起去。她正带领一些参观者参观我们的学校。”根据句意可知,表示动作正在进行中,用现在进行时。故选A。
49. C 【解析】考查一般现在时。句意为“你的外教说什么语言?”“他________英语和德语”。根据上句可知谈论一般情况下,外教说什么语言,用一般现在时态,故选C。
50. D 【解析】考查一般将来时。句意为“去散步怎么样?”“请等一下。我马上    ________我的作业。”根据答语后句中的时间状语soon可知是马上就会完成,应用一般将来时。故选D。
51. B 【解析】考查现在进行时。句意“能找布朗先生接电话吗?”“请稍等。他正在厨房里面________,我马上去叫他。”分析语境可知,描述的是说话时正在进行的动作,用现在进行时。故选B。
52. D 【解析】考查一般将来时。句意为“下个礼拜六我们________颐和园。”“祝你们玩得开心。”根据句中的时间状语next Saturday,可知用一般将来时,故选D项。
53. D 【解析】考查现在完成时。句意“尽管你的爷爷七十多岁了,他仍很健康。”“他________每天锻炼的好习惯40年了。”联系答语中的时间状语“for 40 years”可知,应用现在完成时。故选D。
54. D 【解析】考查现在进行时。句意:亲爱的,把电视声音调小点。你哥哥正在房间里________他的报告。结合句意,可知哥哥正在书房准备他的报告,应用现在进行时,故选D。
55. C 【解析】考查一般现在时。句意为:直到我妈妈________我才会去美国。因为本句是由not...until 引导的时间状语从句,遵循“主将从现”原则,主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时表将来。从句主语为my mother,因此谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。故选C。
56. C 【解析】考查一般过去时。句意“我没有告诉过你应该早点来参加会议吗?”“抱歉,我比平常________早,但是交通太堵了。”but连接两个并列从句,时态一致。由was可知,描述的是过去发生的动作,用一般过去时。故选C。
57. C 【解析】考查现在完成时。句意:古时候的人建造了许多杰出的建筑。它们中的一些已经________,而另一些现在仍保留着。while在本句中表示对比关系,联系下文“while others still remain toady”可知,用现在完成时。故选C。
58. A 【解析】考查一般现在时。句意为“汤姆,你每天吃完晚饭之后做什么?”“我通常会________。”根据句中的时间状语every day可知用一般现在时态,故选A。
59. B 【解析】考查一般过去时。句意“我能提醒您一下有位王先生正在外面等着吗?”“哦,是的。我________这件事。”分析语境可知,“忘记”的动作是在说话之前发生的,应用一般过去时。故选B。
60. B 【解析】考查一般将来时。句意:每天跑步超过半小时,那会让你的身体很强壮。分析句子可知,and之后的分句应使用一般将来时,即:祈使句+and+一般将来时。故选 B。 文 章来源 莲
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